The aim of the Association of Ringing Teachers (ART) is to instruct those who are interested in bell ringing to become proficient in the skill themselves whilst making every effort to protect personal safety and well being particularly when those under instruction are young people or vulnerable adults.
The Association and/or its members organise educational and recruitment events and when teaching bell handling the ART Training Scheme is used which allows handling to be taught in a structured and safe way.
The purpose of this document is to recommend what should be considered to protect personal safety and to conduct ringing activities in accordance with the well being of those present.
Those under instruction should:
- follow the instructions of their teacher
- act responsibly
- give details of any medical condition which could affect bell ringing activities
- dress appropriately
Ringing teachers should:
- say who is in charge
- act appropriately
- explain what is going to be done
- show the learner bells and explain how they work
- use the ART approach of structured learning
- have a flexible approach adapting to the needs and preferences of each learner
- observe and give accurate feedback when teaching
- ensure that the bells and bell tower are safe for use, and
- protect the well being of students.
- Have a Risk Assessment for the tower and the activity in place.
In law an action is possible by any person who has suffered damage, directly or indirectly. The person needs to show negligence determined by the balance of probabilities. Criminal law will be infringed if a deliberate act is committed in breach of any legislation which can be substantiated by evidence ‘beyond reasonable doubt’.
These guidance notes will help explain these recommendations. Following this guidance is not compulsory. You are free to take other action. But if you do follow the guidance you will normally be doing enough to comply with the law. As a member of ART you are expected to follow this guidance.
Health and safety inspectors and other enforcing authorities will seek to secure compliance with the law and may refer to this guidance as illustrating good practice.
- The ART
Training Scheme enables a learner to follow a structured and documented path
towards the acquisition of bell ringing skills.
If a student follows the Scheme they will learn control skills under
the close supervision of a ringing teacher who will ensure that their personal
safety is not affected by their actions.
- Teaching will
only be successful if the student acts appropriately. The teacher will explain at an early stage
that a swinging bell has a lot of stored energy which is capable of causing
injury if the bell is mishandled. Injuries
can occur to those under instruction, to their teacher or to others who happen
to be nearby.
- Those under
instruction should make their teachers aware of any medical condition which
could affect ringing activities. There
are conditions which might not appear to be significant that could affect ringing
such as susceptibility to strobe affects, sudden giddiness or fainting. These conditions would not prevent anyone
from learning to ring but teachers would need to take them into consideration
to ensure safe progression through certain stages of instruction. Those with physical disabilities have been
known to learn to ring quite successfully.
- Dress is
important for all bell ringers. Loose
items such as long hair, loose clothing, or accessories can easily become
entwined in bell ropes causing serious problems. Long hair should be tied back or put inside
clothing. Loose clothing can easily be
made safe. All ringers should also check
that extending the arms upwards does not indecently reveal areas of the body.
- When there are
two or more teachers carrying out instruction one of them should assume the
role of being in charge. All those
present are then aware of who is in charge of ringing activities.
- Before starting a course of instruction on
bell handling teachers should show the student the bells, demonstrate ringing
and describe safety issues and precautions.
- Before each
instruction session the teacher or teachers should explain to their students
what is going to happen and how they will progress through their training. This will ensure that they are fully aware of
what is planned for the session.
following the training scheme
be aware that if they act appropriately they will instill a sense of confidence
in their students further improving the chance of instructing students in bell
ringing without incident. If a teacher
wants to demonstrate an unsafe practice for the purposes of instruction the
demonstration should be carried out with careful thought as to what might go
wrong and appropriate precautions taken. For example, by asking others to stop
ringing for a moment and standing in safe positions.
- The teacher in
charge of any training session should ensure that the tower and bells are safe
for use and there should be a current Risk Assessment in place. Obviously he or she cannot carry out a full
tower survey or inspection of the bells and their fittings before each training
session. He therefore relies on relevant
information being passed on from the Tower Leader or Steeple Keeper
is the system used by the whole exercise but if there is any doubt an
inspection will be necessary.
- Teachers should
ensure the well being of their students and themselves. Where children or vulnerable
adults are present the safeguarding policies and code of practice must be used.
ART members must disclose their criminal record disclosure form to ART and on
request to any other relevant body/person.
- A permission form should show the
name and address of the person under instruction, details of any known
allergies and the name and contact details of the parent or carer who can be
contacted in the event of any emergency.
It is recommended that this information should be sought for
those under instruction or teaching as it will greatly assist those dealing
with any emergency. This information
should be treated as “medical in confidence” and kept only for the purposes of
instruction. It should be destroyed in
due course. Any misuse of this information would be a breach of data protection
Accidents and dangerous occurrences
- Summon the emergency services without delay
- Give address or postcode of the site
- Record name and address of injured person and others present, time and place and any other relevant details including photographs
- Don’t delay treatment of the injured person
- Keep in touch with relatives to find out extent of injury, treatment given and length of time spent in hospital
- Do not discuss liability
- Report accidents to ART (using the ART accident form) and to premises/location owner
- Dangerous occurrences, i.e. those not causing injury, could include breaking a stay, failure of any part of bell equipment or structural part of the tower
- Report dangerous occurrences to ART (using the ART accident form) and to the premises/location owner
Bell ringing is not “employment” unless some kind of payment is being made other than expenses. It is a voluntary activity which should follow the spirit of health and safety guidance given to employed persons. For those involved in voluntary activities only deaths and serious injury accidents need be reported to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) in the UK – or if in a Church to the relevant Local Authority. A serious injury accident is one in which the injured person is referred to hospital for treatment for longer than 24 hours. It does not include being kept in for observation. Use the HSE website www.hse.gov.uk or telephone the call centre on 0845 300 9923 within 15 days of the event. Use the ART accident form to gather the necessary information before contacting HSE.
- Summon the emergency services without delay
- No need to pass on details to ART or to HSE – but inform the premises/location owner
Accidents going to or going home from a training session should not be reported to ART, nor should accidents in the tower car park or on pavements leading to it but in the latter case tell the location/premises owner.
Keep records of all accidents in the accident book on the premises.