Score from successful goals


In this article we will look at the various types of goals which can be used and when each type of goal might be useful to us when we are teaching ringers.

  • What do you think of when you set goals for your ringers?
  • Do you have a long term goal for your ringers or for your band?
  • How do you plan the actions necessary to achieve your long term goals?

Long-term Goals

The long-term goal is the eventual target, in a way it is like an overall strategy. Long-term goals can be set for a band, for example becoming an 8-spliced ringing band or for an individual, for example ringing a first quarter or learning Bob Doubles. It is important to have a long-term goal to aim towards, something to work towards. However, by definition long term goals take a long time to reach and this may make them seem remote and rather unachievable, a ringer may give up trying as there is no immediate success to create confidence and motivation.

Short-term Goals

Short-term goals can be used as stepping stones along the way to the long term goal providing recognisable achievements along the way. Short-term goals can be specific and may be designed to work towards a certain part of the overall long term goal. These short term goals can be used to improve any aspect of performance; handling, bell control, theory and concentration for example. When each goal is achieved there is a boost to the ringers confidence and therefore to his or her motivation. It feels good to achieve something you have set out to complete.

Achievement Goals

Often ringers think of goals in terms of ringing a quarter peal of a certain method, perhaps a pass of the higher Levels of Learning the Ropes. This type of goal is known as an Achievement Goal. The goal is directed at achieving a target.

The problem with this sort of goal is that all the factors involved in achieving it are not controllable by the individual ringer. That is to say the achievement of the individual ringer is reliant upon the performance of others. Other ringers may go wrong or the quarter may be miscalled for example. This lack of controllability may lead to disappointment and frustration. For this reason focusing only on Achievement Goals may have unpredicted negative effects.

It is important that ringers achieve success, as without success they are likely to lose confidence in their own abilities.

There are other types of goals which are more controllable and can be used along the way to enhance confidence and motivation along the way to the eventual achievement goal.

Performance Goals

Performance Goals focus on improving performance (ie, ringing with rhythm/improving striking/attending more frequently] that is to say on achieving a set of standards. Performance Goals encourage the development of mastery of the skill, that is improving the standard of the ringing and can make a ringer feel satisfied with a performance.

These targets can be worked on by the ringer independently and are not reliant on the performance of other ringers.These goals relate to factors within the control of the ringer.

PERFORMANCE GOALS

The ringer needs feedback during practise

EXAMPLE

POSSIBLE ACTIVITY

Improve rhythm on 6

Ring lots of PH on 6 from different starts

Improve 3/4 up dodge in Plain Bob Doubles

Ring Bayles [repeated lead] Plain Bob Doubles

Improve ringing up and down in peal

Practice on 3 then 4 then 6 then 8 etc

Improve striking in Doubles Methods

Learn and ring lots of Doubles methods

Improve treble ringing to Cambridge Minor

Ring Treble Bob Hunt as an exercise


Process Goals

Process Goals focus on controllable factors that will result in improvement, they can be used to concentrate on or to emphasise areas where a ringer needs to work to improve technique.

For example bell control /handling style/ handling skills – such as pulling right through or catching the tail end after the handstroke pull/ or listening skills, using a simulator, learning theory.

PROCESS GOALS

Remember to give feedback!

EXAMPLE

POSSIBLE ACTIVITY

Improve dodging striking - backstroke

Practice taking in and letting out rope

Improve accuracy of moving bell at hand and back

Kaleidoscope sequences

Improve ability to set bell

Bell control exercises such as Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star – see LtR Level 2

Method mistakes

Learn theory more thoroughly – quizzes, questioning, write out on the board


Research has demonstrated that by focusing on Performance Goals and Process Goals which are controllable rather than just on achievement goals individuals are more likely to become more confident and better able to concentrate.

It is our responsibility as teachers to help set goals which can be realistically achieved.

Pip Penney

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When achieved, goals boost self-confidence …

That felt great!